Considered one of the largest jobs and recruiting sites in the world, Glassdoor released a new economic research study showing that more than a quarter (specifically 28.5 percent) of applications on the platform were for jobs outside of an applicant's current metro location. The study, Metro Movers: Where Are Americans Moving for Jobs, And Is It Worth It?, states that the US cities job applicants are most interested in moving to for a job, the cities with the largest selection of job seekers interested in moving, which factors drive those to relocate for a job, and more.
The Glassdoor study is based on a sample of more than 668,000 online job applications started on Glassdoor during a one week period, from January 8-14, 2018, for the 40 largest metro areas in the US. With rich data on the job search process and nearly 40 million reviews and insights on workplace factors at more than 770,000 companies around the world, Glassdoor has a unique window into near real-time job search patterns and the cities, jobs, and companies enticing today's job seekers to move.
"Picking up your life and moving for a job is a major decision. But in a job market where workers are in high demand and many employers are eager to hire, the employers who understand where talent is heading and what influences them to consider a move will have a recruiting advantage. Our research shows that employers should think broader when it comes to their recruiting strategies, as the quality talent they want may not only be found in their local market, but across the country," said Glassdoor Chief Economist Dr. Andrew Chamberlain, who conducted the study.
Top Destinations: San Francisco and New York City
The study finds that San Francisco is the top destination among job seekers applying for jobs beyond their current metro (known in the study as metro movers). Of the total metro mover population in the study, 12.4 percent are applying to jobs in San Francisco. Job seekers see opportunities at companies like Facebook and Salesforce within the booming tech hub, overlooking the housing shortages and high cost of living. New York City has the second highest share of metro mover applications (8.4 percent), followed by San Jose (6.9 percent), Los Angeles (6.8 percent) and Washington D.C. (4.3 percent). The study finds these cities are largely magnets for the job seekers located in smaller cities nearby.
Top 10 Destinations for Metro Movers
(Among metro mover applications, the percent of applications to each top metro)
San Francisco, CA
New York City, NY
San Jose, CA
Los Angeles, CA
Dallas-Fort Worth, TX
Top 10 Cities With the Most Workers Moving Away
(The percentage of applications to other cities within each metro)
San Jose, CA
Company culture is a top factor driving people to move, more so than salary, the study finds. A company with a 1-star higher overall Glassdoor rating is six times more likely to attract a candidate than a company that's offering $10,000more in salary, but has a lower culture rating. Salary can help entice workers to move from other cities, but at a much smaller percentage. An extra $10,000 higher base salary predicts applicants are only half a percentage point more likely to move.
Men and young workers are also more likely to move, the study finds. Men are 3.3 percentage points more likely than women to move. Similarly, a job applicant is seven percentage points less likely to move with each passing decade that they age. Based on the data, employers who want to maintain diverse applicant pools need to also reach candidates that are traditionally less likely to move through more attentive recruiting efforts.
"You might expect that more money would be a top factor for job seekers when considering whether to move for a job, but it's not. Our research shows companies with good culture and employees who love what they do ultimately have a leg-up when it comes to attracting the best talent from across the country," Chamberlain said. "This means employers must ramp-up their recruiting efforts for groups least likely to move – such as women or more senior workers – and have excellent culture, strong pay or benefits offerings."
Edited by K. Fanning
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